Mitochondrial DNA haplogroup N:
From closest to Africa to most remote from Africa:
X: Forms X1'2'3 and X4. SW Asia, into North Africa. X2 is the most widespread. X2 to America and it makes up 7% of Sahariya tribals of Madhya Pradesh (1).
N3: Iran, Marsh Arabs.
N1'5: Forms N1 and N5. N1 West Eurasia, N5 South Asia. N5 makes up 25% of the Sahariya, the northernmost ofthe Madhya Pradesh tribals. (1).
N2: Forms N2a and W. West Eurasia. W very rare in Madhya Pradesh tribals (1).
A: East and, especially, Central Asia. A2 to America. A5b to Laos (2).
N9: Forms N9a, N9b and Y. East Asia from Mongolia to Japan. N9a to Laos (2).
N10: Southeast China (4).
N8: South China.
N11: South China (4).
N21: Thailand, Cambodia, Sumatra, Laos. Probably from Sumatra. (2) (3) (6).
N22: Malay, Laos. Orang Asli. (2) (6).
R: Southern Wallacea.
N13: Australia. Kimberly region. (7).
N14: Australia. Kimberly region. (7).
S: Australia. Widespread. (7).
O: Australia. Especially in Central Australia. (7).
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